Learn how to use Bootstrap’s included npm scripts to build our documentation, compile source code, run tests, and more.
To use our build system and run our documentation locally, you’ll need a copy of Bootstrap’s source files and Node. Follow these steps and you should be ready to rock:
- Download and install Node.js, which we use to manage our dependencies.
- Either download Bootstrap’s sources or fork Bootstrap’s repository.
- Navigate to the root
/bootstrapdirectory and run
npm installto install our local dependencies listed in package.json.
When completed, you’ll be able to run the various commands provided from the command line.
Using npm scripts
Our package.json includes the following commands and tasks:
||Runs tests locally after running
||Builds and runs the documentation locally.|
npm run to see all the npm scripts.
Bootstrap v4 uses Node Sass for compiling our Sass source files into CSS files (included in our build process). In order to end up with the same generated CSS when compiling Sass using your own asset pipeline, you’ll need to use a Sass compiler that supports at least the features that Node Sass does. This is important to note because as of October 26, 2020, LibSass and packages built on top of it—including Node Sass—are deprecated.
We increase the Sass rounding precision to 6 (by default, it’s 5 in Node Sass) to prevent issues with browser rounding. If you use Dart Sass this won’t be something you need to adjust, as that compiler uses a rounding precision of 10 and for efficiency reasons does not allow it to be adjusted.
Bootstrap uses Autoprefixer (included in our build process) to automatically add vendor prefixes to some CSS properties at build time. Doing so saves us time and code by allowing us to write key parts of our CSS a single time while eliminating the need for vendor mixins like those found in v3.
We maintain the list of browsers supported through Autoprefixer in a separate file within our GitHub repository. See .browserslistrc for details.
Running our documentation locally requires the use of Hugo, which gets installed via the hugo-bin npm package. Hugo is a blazingly fast and quite extensible static site generator that provides us: basic includes, Markdown-based files, templates, and more. Here’s how to get it started:
- Run through the tooling setup above to install all dependencies.
- From the root
npm run docs-servein the command line.
http://localhost:9001/in your browser, and voilà.
Learn more about using Hugo by reading its documentation.
Should you encounter problems with installing dependencies, uninstall all previous dependency versions (global and local). Then, rerun